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Communication dans un congrès

À la recherche de la gloire de Marathon dans les manuels scolaires grecs d'histoire de l'enseignement secondaire, lieux fondamentaux de mémoire nationale : une Bataille témoin d'un patriotisme panhellénique bridé

Résumé : The present bibliographical-historiographical interest in the complex phenomenon of memory was preceded some forty years ago by the study of its construction, deconstruction and reconstruction by groups that exercised power by choosing events from the past and interpreting them according to the ideological and political orientation they followed and protected. One of the exceptional periods of Greek history, the foundation of the continuity of the nation, which rife with the struggles and sacrifices of ancient protectors, is that of the Persian Wars. Marathon, Thermopyles, Salamine, Platées form foundations, "Places of Memory", which play the most important role in the process of forming Greek national identity. From this point of view, it would be unwise to ignore the definition imposed by the work of Pierre Nora for whom places of memory do not necessarily have a material dimension. "They are places, in fact, in all three senses of the word, material, symbolic and functional, but simultaneously, only to varying degrees... The three aspects still coexist." Given this coexistence and in combination with the state's sovereign responsibility for the choice of programmes and contents, school textbooks, especially those of history, and the lessons they contain such as the Battle of Marathon, constitute excellent "Places of Memory". The content analysis, which was based on a thematic grouping and a quantitative study of this lesson from the textbooks of Greek history from 1953 to 2008, allows us to make the following two observations: - Firstly, despite the fact that only the Platéens, who sent 1000 men, responded to the call for help, the Battle of Marathon is taught and told, as an essential step and evidence to the continuity of the Greek Nation. - Secondly, from the publication of the 1997 textbook, the number of pages dedicated to the Battle of Marathon has been constantly and considerably reduced, which puts in doubt its nature as a "Place of Memory". Is there no longer the same "duty of memory"? If it is so, it would mean that the groups that have been in power since 1997 have less "need" for this place of memory that has suddenly weakened. In Greek history textbooks, the Battle of Marathon lost its strength as a "Place of Memory", which used to have until 1997. It became a historical fact to which the "programmers" of the Greek national education and at the same time, builders of national identity, have temporarily (?) imposed silence and oblivion.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal-univ-montpellier3-paul-valery.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03142943
Contributeur : Constantin Angelopoulos <>
Soumis le : mardi 16 février 2021 - 14:00:35
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 juin 2021 - 17:06:53
Archivage à long terme le : : lundi 17 mai 2021 - 19:40:13

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Constantin Angelopoulos. À la recherche de la gloire de Marathon dans les manuels scolaires grecs d'histoire de l'enseignement secondaire, lieux fondamentaux de mémoire nationale : une Bataille témoin d'un patriotisme panhellénique bridé. Lieux, pratiques et discours de mémoire dans l’identité grecque et chypriote, ANGELOPOULOS Constantin, Nov 2008, MONTPELLIER, France. ⟨hal-03142943⟩

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