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Article Dans Une Revue PLoS ONE Année : 2022

Contextualizing sacrificial dilemmas within Covid-19 for the study of moral judgment

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Résumé

"Sacrificial dilemmas" are the scenarios typically used to study moral judgment and human morality. However, these dilemmas have been criticized regarding their lack of ecological validity. The COVID-19 pandemic offers a relevant context to further examine individuals’ moral judgment and choice of action with more realistic sacrificial dilemmas. Using this context, the purpose of the present study is to investigate how moral responses are influenced by the contextualization of the dilemma (i.e., contextualized or not within the Covid-19 pandemic). By comparing two versions of one dilemma, Experiment 1 revealed that the more realistic version (the one contextualized within the Covid-19 pandemic) did not elicit more utilitarian responses than the less realistic version (the one not contextualized within the Covid-19 pandemic). In Experiment 2, we examined more specifically whether both the perceived realism of the dilemma and the plausibility of a utilitarian action influence moral responses. Results confirmed that the contextualization of the dilemma does not make any difference in moral responses. However, the plausibility of an action appears to exert an influence on the choice of action. Indeed, participants were more inclined to choose the utilitarian action in the plausible action versions than in the implausible action versions of the dilemma. Overall, these results shed light on the importance for future research of using mundane and dramatic realistic dilemmas displaying full information regarding a sacrificial action and its consequences.
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hal-03778271 , version 1 (15-09-2022)

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Robin Carron, Nathalie Blanc, Emmanuelle Brigaud. Contextualizing sacrificial dilemmas within Covid-19 for the study of moral judgment. PLoS ONE, 2022, 17 (8), pp.e0273521. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0273521⟩. ⟨hal-03778271⟩
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